In an era of increasing global inequality, conflict and rising authoritarianism1 social movements often represent a first line of defence for some of the most marginalized communities on the planet, seeking to defend and extend the conditions for a basic and dignified human existence.

In much of the literature on peacemaking, peacekeeping and peacebuilding there is a recognition that the voices of civil society, and the social movements that emerge from them, are often insufficiently included in determining the nature of peace agreements and post-conflict development policies2.

Too often, national political elites, armed movements, and international actors fail sufficiently to take into account the demands of civil society actors and social movements for access to basic rights and basic goods – demands that underpin many conflicts – favouring agreements that prioritize security, democratic elections and the promotion of markets3.

In these conditions, how do social movements learn, develop knowledge and strategy to influence the type of peace being negotiated and work towards more sustainable peace = peace with social justice

1 Streeck, 2016; Piketty, 2014, Scarhill, 2013, Rogers, 2016
2 Pugh et al, 2008; Richmond & Audra Mitchell, 2012
3 Paris, 2008